Rural water supply is reported to cover 63% of the rural population of Ghana (CWSA, 2012),
thereby putting the country on track to achieving the MDG target for water. However, behind
this apparent success are a complex set of challenges. A first challenge that needs to be
considered is the relatively high level of non-functionality of water facilities. Across much of
Sub-Saharan Africa, a substantial proportion of water supply facilities is believed
to be either not-functioning or functioning sub-optimally, as illustrated by a study that found
non-functionality of rural water supply facilities to be between 30% and 40% (RWSN, 2009).
A second headline challenge is sub-standard service delivery. Even when water facilities are
functional, this does not mean that they are providing a service that meets all the national
norms, in terms of reliability, quality, quantity and accessibility of the service.
A third challenge is the lack of conditions which need to be in place to ensure sustainable
service provision over time. This includes the presence of well-performing service providers
to operate and maintain the facilities and to ensure sustainable service delivery over time, as
well as well-performing service authorities, responsible for monitoring, supporting and
regulating these service providers.
Appreciating the degree of non-functionality and sub-standard service delivery and
understanding the underlying reasons, is crucial for defining appropriate actions to improve
the situation. In Ghana, the exact magnitude of non-functionality, sub-standard service
delivery and challenges related to the performance of service providers and service
authorities, has for a long time been unclear, as data on these issues have not
been systematically collected, let alone regularly monitored.
Henceforth, Fix the Pump Team( FTP team) is out to find Innovative solutions to bridge the
solve the chronic challenges of non-functionalities of hand pumps in northern Ghana.
How we do what we do